Padm | Literature homework help

 

The implementation process is what happens after the bill becomes a law. There are many different agencies that are tasked with implementing these laws. Often times these laws are vague, so the agency is responsible for interpreting them. Federalism plays a large role in implementation through cost shifting and mandates. As described in the ESEA case study, the federal government will help implement polices, but state and local agencies must sacrifice control with federal mandates. 

The case study, The Elementary and Secondary Education Act discusses its attempt to provide federal financial aid to support education to disadvantaged children in poor areas. Many cases of misdirected funds were reported. Those who passed the legislation were not actively involved in implementation. This implementation was left up to the Office of Education. They did not actively police how these funds were being used, and found it difficult to control the state and local agencies priorities.

Changes occurred in the 1970’s when other agencies and interest groups became involved in this act, and offices devolved to ensure proper use of the funds. This support and strengthened implementation proved successful, and disadvantaged student’s performance was affected. The NCLB act was an expansion of the ESEA, and increased requirements for schools to receive federal aid. The involvement of federalism can be seen by the government’s requirement for schools to improve quality of education to receive grants. Some schools complain about these requirements, but need the federal money, so they must abide by these rules. 

There have been demands to update or amend the act, but it is low on the agenda. According to our book, “…successful implementation requires coordination and cooperation among a web of national, state, and local governments and agencies” (Anderson, 2016, p. 231). The federal government took control of the implementation of the ESEA policy. The requirements for the policy increased and changed with federal interests and mandates. 

According to our book, “…evaluation of public policy is usually focused upon what governments actually do, why, and with what material effects” (Anderson, 2016, p. 295). Many times this evaluation is performed by nongovernmental agencies. This evaluation is influenced by many factors such as outside agencies the media, special interest groups, pressure-groups and official actors congressional oversight, presidential commission activities. 

There are many different types of policy evaluation: process evaluation, systematic, and experimental design. This is the most common type, and is influenced by partisan values, and creates conflict. One of the largest problems in policy evaluation are the many different opinions by agencies, the public, and the media. These opinions can influence policy evaluation and change how the public views a policy. For example, if there is a policy that the media does not support (gun control), then the public’s evaluation can shift as well. 

post a response to the discussion question

Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

We are committed to making our customer experience enjoyable and that we are keen on creating conditions where our customers feel secured and respected in their interactions with us.
With our qualified expert team who are available 24/7, we ensure that all our customer needs and concerns are met..

Money-back guarantee

Our refund policy allows you to get your money back when you are eligible for a refund. In such a case, we guarantee that you will be paid back to your credit card. Another alternative we offer you is saving this money with us as a credit. Instead of processing the money back, keeping it with us would be an easier way to pay for next the orders you place

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

All orders you place on our website are written from scratch. Our expert team ensures that they exercise professionalism, the laid down guidelines and ethical considerations which only allows crediting or acknowledging any information borrowed from scholarly sources by citing. In cases where plagiarism is confirmed, then the costumier to a full refund or a free paper revision depending on the customer’s request..

Read more

Free-revision policy

Quality is all our company is about and we make sure we hire the most qualified writers with outstanding academic qualifications in every field. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.

Read more

Privacy policy

We understand that students are not allowed to seek help on their projects, papers and assignments from online writing services. We therefore strive to uphold the confidentiality that every student is entitled to. We will not share your personal information elsewhere. You are further guaranteed the full rights of originality and ownership for your paper once its finished.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency