The quiz has two portions:
Multiple Choice (8 problems, 32 points). Show work/explanation as appropriate.
Short Answer (3 problems, 38 points) Show work.
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
A. You can accept the null hypothesis
B. There was a significant difference between the means
C. You failed to reject the null hypothesis
D. There did not appear to be significant difference between the means
A. Power increases a great degree at first, reaches its peak, and then slowly decreases
B. Power decreases a great degree at first, reaches its lowest point, and then slowly increases
C. Power increases a great degree at first, and then increases slowly
D. Power decreases a great degree at first, and then decreases slowly
A. Fail to reject the claim that the percentage of children who suffer from the disorder is equal to 20% when the percentage is actually 20%.
B. Reject the claim that the percentage of children who suffer from the disorder is equal to 20% when that percentage is actually 20%.
C. Fail to reject the claim that the percentage of children who suffer from the disorder is equal to 20% when that percentage is actually different from 20%.
D.Reject the claim that the percentage of children who suffer from the disorder is different from 20% when that percentage really is different from 20%.
A. 0.018 min
B. 0.008 min
C. 0.408 min
D. 0.087 min
SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Express percents as decimals. Round dollar amounts to the nearest cent.
32 32 33 33 41 29 38 32 33 23 27 45 52 29 25
10. (10 points) It is commonly accepted that the mean temperature of human is 98.6oF. Yours truly has nothing better to do but measured the temperatures of 26 colleagues 1 to 4 times daily to get a total of 123 measurements. The collected data yielded a sample mean of 98.4oF and a sample standard deviation of 0.7oF. Is the mean temperature of his colleagues less than 98.6oF at the 0.01 significance level? Justify your answer with the proper statistics.
11. (18 points)The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of cobalamine (Vitamin B12) for growing teens is 2.4 µg (micrograms). It is generally believed that growing teens are getting less than the RDA of 2.4 µg of cobalamine daily.
A not-to-be-named Pharmaceutical (ntbnP) peddles dietary supplements around the country. It is claimed by ntbnP representatives that by taking their vitamin supplement, teens will have the RDA of cobalamine. FDA is going to take on ntbnP to show that the supplement comes short of providing teens with the recommended RDA.
FDA managed to collect with a 24-hour period blood sample of 10 randomly selected teens around the country. The amounts of cobalamine (in µg) determined in these 10 randomly selected teens are given as follow:
1.85 2.35 1.87 1.90 1.37 2.35 2.55 2.28 1.95 2.49
Based on their national experience, FDA assumes that the the population standard deviation of cobalamine in teens to be 0.56 µg.
Now, you are asked to weigh in on the dispute between FDA and ntbnP.
a. (3 points) Given the above information, what kind of hypothesis test will you conduct? z-test, t-test, χ2-test, F-test, or Ω-test? Please explain.
b. (3 points) What will be the null hypothesis, the alternative hypothesis, and, hence, the “tailedness” of the test (left-tailed, right-tailed, or two-tailed)?
c. (3 points) What is be the corresponding test statistics?
d. (3 points) What is the corresponding p-value of the hypothesis test?
e. (3 points) What kind of conclusion can you draw from the hypothesis test you have just performed? Of course, representatives of ntbnP would like to have the conclusion skewed to their advantage. And so would the officials from FDA. What would you do if you are representing ntbnP? But, if you are representing FDA, how would you present your argument?
f. (3 points) But, wait. What if FDA actually does not know the population standard deviation in this case, would you conduct your hypothesis test different? Just in case that you are going to perform the hypothesis different, what would you do instead?
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